Malabsorption Syndrome

malabsorption syndrome

Malabsorption Syndrome

Terms You Should Know

Absorption : The process of nutrients passing from the intestines into the blood stream. 

Anus : Opening at the end of the rectum that allows solid waste to be eliminated. 

Anaemia : A decrease in the number of red blood cells in the bloodstream, characterized by pallor, loss of energy, and weakness. 

Atrophy : Wasting away of a tissue or organ, often because of insufficient nutrition. 

Cystic fibrosis : : A hereditary genetic disorder. Thick, sticky secretions from mucus-producing glands cause blockages in the pancreatic ducts and the airways. 

Colon : The large intestine. 

Digestion : The process of breaking down food into its simplest chemical compounds so that it can be absorbed. 

Duodenum : The first portion of the small intestine. It connects the stomach to the small intestine. 

Edema : From the Greek word meaning swelling, an excessive accumulation of fluid in the tissue spaces. Excessive generalized edema may also be referred to as ascites. 

Glutan enteropathy : A hereditary malabsorption disorder caused by sensitivity to gluten, a protein found in wheat, rye, barley, and oats. Also called non-tropical sprue or celiac disease. 

 Ileum:The last portion of the small intestine that connects to the large intestine. 

Immune system : The body's natural defense system that fights against disease.

 Inflammation : A response to tissue injury that causes redness, swelling and pain. 

Jejunum : The middle portion of the small intestine. 

Large intestine : Also known as the colon. 

Rectum : Lowest portion of the colon.

Small intestine : Connects to the stomach and large intestine . It also absorbs nutrients. 

Short bowel syndrome : A condition in which the bowel is not as long as normal, either because of surgery or because of a congenital defect. Because the bowel has less surface area to absorb nutrients, it can result in malabsorption syndrome. 

Steatorrhea: An excessive amount of fat in the stool. 

Definition

Malabsorption refers to a clinical condition in which a number of nutrients are not normally absorbed from the intestines. Lipids absorption is almost always affected. At times absorption of single nutrients is selectively affected.

Risk factors
Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment