Anal Fissure and Haemorroids

Terms You Should know

Anal Sphincter : Muscles around the anal canal that contract, closing the anus to prevent the expelling of stool. 

Anorectal : Pertaining to the anus and rectum 

Anus : The opening at the end of the large intestine ( rectum) that expels stool. See also large intestine. 

Bowel : The small or large intestine. 

Colon : A portion of the large intestine not including the rectum. 

Colorectal : Pertaining to the colon and rectum. 

Consitpation : The infrequent or difficult passage of hard, dry stools. 

Diarrhoea : Loose or watery and often frequent bowel movements. 

Fibre : A food substance that resists chemical digestion and passes through the system relatively unchanged.

Haemorrhoid : A swollen vein in or around the anus. 

Impaction : Pressed firmly together so as to be immovable, often causing an obstruction. 

Intestines : The portion of the digestive tract that extends from the stomach to the anus. The term intestines includes the small and large intestines. 

Large intestine: A muscular tube that extends from the end of the small intestine ( ileum) to the anus. 

Laxative : A medicine that helps relieve constipation. 

Parianal : The area located around the anus. 

Rectum : The lowest portion of the large intestine. 

Sigmoid colon : The lower part of the large intestine that connects to the rectum. 

Sphincter : A circular band of muscle that acts as a valve. 

Stool : Waste products such as food residue expelled from the body through the rectum and anus. Also referred to as faeces. 

Anal Fissure

An anal fissure is a small tear or cut in the lining of the anus which can cause pain and/or bleeding.

Symptoms, Causes and Diagnosis
Symptoms of Internal and External Haemorrhoids